anticipation (ænˌtɪsɪˈpeɪʃən) — n 1. the act of anticipating; expectation, premonition, or foresight – World English Dictionary

One of the greatest pleasures that large format photography gives me is the manner in which it encourages anticipation of the end result; the photograph. This feeling of anticipation is based upon a foundation of contemplation, thought and preparation. Conceiving the photograph, setting up the camera and preparing to take the photograph is a time consuming process in large format photography; with time measured in minutes, not seconds as is common with SLR type cameras.

However, anticipation is not limited to large format photographers, it’s a valuable emotion that all photographers can harness, regardless what type of camera used. It does however, require a different approach to photography than many SLR photographers are used to using. It’s an approach based upon forethought about how a scene could be rendered, and not a reaction to how it is.

Moonrise over Chinaman’s Hat. Kualoa Regional Park, Oahu, Hawaii.

Moonrise over Chinaman’s Hat. Kualoa Regional Park, Oahu, Hawaii. Toyo 45AII Camera, Schneider Symmar-S 135mm f5.6 lens on Fuji Velvia 100F.

Neither approach is wrong, of course, but I’ve found that my finest results come when I’ve anticipated the results before taking the photograph. So, what are the steps that go into the process of anticipation?

1. Know what you want. It seems quite elemental, but many photographers go out to take photographs without any thought given to what they desire to photograph or how it fits with their interests and photographic goals. It doesn’t matter if the objective is to photograph the sunrise, or whether the outing is part of a larger, more all encompassing, project. Knowing and defining the objective – the photographer’s “vision” – is essential.

It is not a peripheral subject reserved for the photographic elite or photographers with a sociopathic bent towards navel-gazing. It is the place we begin, and the road we travel, on the way to our goal – creating compelling photographs that express something we’ve no other means of expressing but through the frame.”David duChemin – The Vision Driven Photographer.

Without a clearly defined vision, the photographer will flounder, and there can be no real anticipation of what lies ahead, for the photograph. The lack of vision will carry over into the overall body of the photographer’s work, defining it in an unflattering manner. Vision enables you to glimpse into the future, to sense its hope and power, and builds a sense of anticipation that can be fulfilled by your photography.

2. Preparation and research. Once the determination about what to photograph has been made, the next step is to prepare to take the photograph. This can be one of the more mundane parts of the anticipation process, but it’s the part where you learn what is possible for the given subject and location.

I like to begin by considering the location and the lighting that I expect while there. Some subjects work better early in the morning, while others work better in the afternoon. Additionally, knowing the type of terrain to expect you can get a sense of how long it will take to get into position, and the direction where the majority of the lighting will come from. A good topographical map or a computer program like Photographer’s Ephemeris can be quite helpful.

Read more of this post


Mountain Light

One of the most difficult landscapes that many photographers are faced with is the high mountain landscape. This landscape, characterized by open skies, and subsequent high UV, results in a contrast range beyond what any transparency film is capable of reproducing. This contrast range leaves the photographer will some often, difficult choices. Sometimes, the solution is simply to let certain areas of the photograph go dark (rarely do we want to let the highlights blow out). However, this is not always the optimum solution. So, how do we handle these situations?

The solution is to use a split neutral density filter. These filters are dark on one portion, and clear on the other, allowing light to be held back in certain areas by a judicial positioning of the dark areas. They come in various strengths, with varying graduations between light and dark portions. Strengths are rated in f-stops; some manufactures will list them as 1, 2 or 3 stop, while others list them as .3 (1 stop), .6 (two stop) or .9 (three stop). Graduations are soft or hard; reflecting the transition zone between light and dark areas.


In this photograph, I naturally wanted the summit of Mt. Cook to be in the composition, but I also wanted the leading lines of the Hooker River to point to its summit. Unfortunately, the range was too great to be able to retain some detail on the river, so I resorted to a .6 (2 stop) split neutral density filter (hard edge). The filter was angled to match the shadow line of the mountain in the foreground.

I’m convinced that this one of the most important bits of equipment that we need in our kits.

Photo Details: Aoraki/Mt. Cook National Park, South Island, New Zealand, along the Hooker River Trail. Toyo 45AII camera, Schneider Symmar-S 13mm f 5.6 lens, with a Lee .6 Spilt Neutral Density Filter, on Fuji Velvia 50.

First Light

Landscape photographers often feel that nothing can be more exciting than the first peak of sun in the morning as it rises over the horizon. It brings with it an interplay of sky, sun and clouds, adding an emotional appeal to our subject.

I often find myself taking long walks in the dark, in order to be a just the right location to greet the new day, knowing the excitement it brings. Such was the case when I visited Moeraki Boulders, on New Zealand’s South Island east coast a few years ago. Leaving the car park where I had spent the night in my rented RV, I walked the 2km to where the boulders are located. I had scouted the previous afternoon for a spot to setup, so I proceeded to setup the camera, in the dark, with the aid of a flashlight. Once the sun started to rise, I waited for the optimum time; just after the surf had broken over the boulders in the foreground.


This also illustrates a technique I use frequently in my photography; that of including a sense of movement, or moment, in the scene. In this case, I knew where the surf would break, and how far up the shore it would come. Then, it was a simple matter of watching the surf, and tripping the cable release at the optimum moment.

Photo Details: Sunrise, Moeraki Boulders, New Zealand. Toyo 45AII camera (4×5), Schneider Symmar-S 135mm f5.6 lens, .6 Split Neutral Density Filter, on Fuji Velvia 50.

Blog Banner Image

No doubt, some people have been curious about the image that currently adorns the banner on this blog.

Several years ago, I spent 10 days touring the South Island of New Zealand by RV. One afternoon as I was driving from Aoraki/Mt Cook National Park back to Christchurch, I passed this scene along the shore of Lake Pukaki. I was immediately attracted to the color of the water, as well as the reflections of the distant mountain range off the water. Even though I rarely photograph in the middle of the day, this scene was one that I simply could not be pass by without exposing a sheet of film or two.


The distinctive color of the water comes from what is referred to as “glacial flour”, which is extremely fine ground rock particles in the lake. These particles flow to Lake Pukaki from the Tasman and Hooker Glaciers, which adorn the slopes of Aoraki/Mt Cook, the highest mountain in New Zealand.

Photo Details: Lake Pukaki, South Island, New Zealand. Toyo 45AII camera (4×5), Schneider APO Symmar 210mm f5.6 lens, on Fuji Velvia 50.No filtration.